Joy Fleay - RCS Founding member

Farewell to Joy Fleay

On 26th July 2018 members of the Wildflower Society, River Conservation Society and Toodyay Naturalist Club gathered for a farewell afternoon tea for Joy Fleay.
Joy was moving to Perth to live with her brother. She would miss her home and lovely bush garden but it’s maintenance had become a challenge.
For over fifty years Joy has donated time, energy, money and expertise to the preservation of Australian flora and fauna in Australia. Her special interest has been with birds and she has been a member of hundreds of birding expeditions.
Joy was a founding member of both the RCS and the York Branch of the Wildflower Society and has always been an active participant . As part of the RCS she compiled monthly bird lists for the Nature Reserves in York and conducted surveys to record the presence of species. Joy was involved with the Birds on Farms project, which surveyed and monitored the presence of birds in specific areas. Joy and Adelphie King helped produce the booklet, Bush Birds of the Shire of York. Recently she has supported RCS fundraising activities and could still be found helping with the weeding and planting in the Bushland Garden.
Joy Fleay has been awarded a Life Membership to Birds Australia. She has rightly been recognised for her contribution to an understanding of birds and her hard work in the conservation of biodiversity in the Avon area.
Joy has seen many changes in the bird populations of the Avon Valley. She said it was sad to see many species declining in numbers, particularly the raptors and the three species of robins, which once could be seen in the York area. On the other hand it was unfortunate that the number of corellas and pink and grey galahs were migrating from other areas and causing competition for resources.
One of Joy’s special project was to preserve the small Gilgering Church and its graveyard, which forms so much of her family heritage.
A sumptuous afternoon tea was provided by the members of all the societies during which many reminisces were exchanged. Pat McGregor gave a heartfelt speech and presented Joy with a gift, a book on birds, of course. She thanked Joy for her friendship and all her hard work in so many conservation projects in the Shire of York, especially in the Bushland Garden. She described how on a summer’s morning she found Joy sitting on a stool, watering some newly planted specimens. Such was her determination to keep our flora and fauna alive and well.
All of us send our very best wishes to Joy. We will miss her, but look forward to seeing her return to York on important occasions.

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Avon River, York, Western Australia

From the eastern slopes of the Darling Scarp the Shire of York extends westwards across the Avon River and its associated drainage and beyond to the western edges of the Yilgarn Plateau.

It was once endowed with abundant sources of fresh water and a rich variety of ecosystems. European settlement began as early as the 1830’s and today little remains of its natural vegetation except in the Wandoo National Park in the west. Loss of habitat results not only in loss of flora and fauna, including the invertebrates and soil fauna, but also in the degradation of water quality.

The Western Australian government had made little effort to plan and manage the scale of land clearance and it was not until the late twentieth century that the Department of Conservation and Land Management was created and promptly adopted five relatively small areas of remnant bush for conservation in the shire. Sadly this did not include the Avon River and its riparian vegetation.

In 1990 local townsfolk came together to lobby the Western Australian government to take responsibility for the Avon River. Thus was born the River Conservation Society Inc. At the same time the Society began a careful survey of all aspects of river management and began the process of fencing out exotic species from the Avon River and its tributaries.

Work began on restoring the river banks and establishing a revegetation strip 30 meters wide on both banks for the entire length of the Avon River within the shire. This revegetation ‘superhighway’ is linked by winter streams to the granite and gravel hilltops unsuitable for cultivation. This strategy of revegetating the waterways was adopted by the new Avon River Management Authority and later by other shires.

The management of the river itself is of major concern. The society persuaded the Waterways Commission to excavate several of the silted up permanent pools on the Avon, including Gwambygine Pool south of York. In 1996 – 1998 the society carried out the first ever biological survey of an inland permanent pool. This pool has become the baseline against which the condition of other pools are measured for depth, water quality and aquatic flora and fauna.

The society cares for ten of the crown reserves located within the shire of York. The intention is to preserve these last remnants of bush for future generations to enjoy and to prevent them being used for purposes that will degrade or destroy their habitat.

Flora and Fauna

The climate of the Shire of York is characterised by hot dry summers and mild wet winters. The summers are occasionally relieved by short periods of heavy rain of tropical cyclonic origin. The mean monthly maximum and minimum temperatures in summer are 34°C and 16°C respectively, while in winter they are 18°C and 5°C respectively.

In the York region the seasonality, variability and gradient of rainfall from west to east are significant factors in the determination of vegetation types and their distribution. These factors interact with geology, geomorphology and soils to determine the vegetation patterns across the shire.


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Mt Hardy Nature Reserve, York, Western Australia

The jarrah and marri forest occupies the highest rainfall area in the western part of the York Shire. With the decline in rainfall in a northerly and easterly direction this forest grades into a series of open woodlands of jarrah, wandoo and powderbark, and marri and wandoo. Marri shows a preference for the more sandy soils, while wandoo occurs on more clayey soils.

The eastern half of the York area is dominated by York gum woodland. Most of this country owes its character to the relatively fertile red loam soils and a surface of gentle relief. This has led to a unique situation in which York gum is no longer confined to the soils of the lower slopes, but may occur as the sole species forming woodland over the whole landscape. Its usual associate, wandoo, is confined to less basic rocks. In the northern part of this association salmon gum shares dominance with the York gum, while in the eastern parts wandoo becomes reinstated as a co-dominant.

Extensive sandplains occur near the eastern boundary of the York Shire. These are for the most part on higher ground consisting mainly of yellow, earthy sands. The original vegetation was scrub-heath or banksia low woodland. Along major drainage lines yellow, alkaline loams support tea-tree and samphire on extensive salt flats.

Some of the species found in the area include Jarrah (Eucalyptus marginata), marri (E. calophylla), wandoo (E.wandoo), tea-tree (Melaleuca spp.), Banksia spp., powderbark (E. accedens), heath, York gum (E. loxophleba), sheoak (Allocasuarina spp.), Salmon gum (E.salmonophloia), morrell (E. longicornis), mallet (E. astringens), samphire (Halosacrcia spp.).


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Red Capped Robin (Petroica goodenovii)

The fauna of the York Shire is a diverse collection of wildlife. Mammals and birds inhabiting the area include Echidnas, Western grey kangaroos, Western brush wallabies, Euros, Dunnarts, Western pigmy-possums, White-striped mastiff-bats, Great egret, Grey teal, Pacific black duck, Sacred kingfisher, White faced heron, Oblong Tortoise and Little pied cormorant to name a few.

Detailed fauna surveys have also recorded a total of 24 lizard, 7 snake and 7 frog species including 95 bird species.


Both History page photos